Detail Inovasi Perguruan Tinggi

Tema: Hubungan Internasional
Judul: The Consignment of Indonesian Migrant Workers in Saudi Arabia and Its Resilience: Examining the Impacts of Indonesia's Moratorium Policy (2011-2015)
Perguruan Tinggi: Universitas Presiden
Jenis/sdm: dosen/0409108602

Tahun: 2018

Indonesian migrant workers in Saudi Arabia, particularly at informal sectors, had experienced the lack of protection that supposedly addressed by the Government of Indonesia (GoI). Thus, former President of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, declared a moratorium policy during the cabinet meeting on June 23, 2011, in order to improve the protection mechanism of Indonesian migrant domestic workers. The government perceived moratorium policy as strategic instrument to influence and urge Saudi‘s government to sign the MoU with Indonesian authorities related to the domestic workers protection. In milieu of this issue, the researchers attempted at analyzing the impacts of such a policy. The analysis was based on national interest theory and designed as a qualitative research which sought to describe the implementation of moratorium policy. This study came to argue that the moratorium policy could be seen as a manifestation of political commitment from Indonesia‘s government perceiving the protection of Indonesian migrant workers is high in the list. As a tool of transformative mechanism, moratorium brought several impacts which affected Indonesia‘s government. This policy apparently stimulated the institutionalized protection mechanism, the improvement of pre-departure program particularly in the aspects of physical and psychological empowerment, the formulation of three layered advocacy including pre-consignment, on-consignment, and post-consignment; and last but not least the signing of MoU between the GoI and the King of Saudi Arabia which then eventually necessitates strong manifestation of Saudi‘s political willingness to provide effective protection mechanism for Indonesian migrant workers